At preschools, children learn through practical experience and creative exploration. Increased learning and social development occur in this multi-age environment. Younger children observe and interact with older children. In turn, older children serve as role models and learn skills and leadership skills. The materials for each class are grouped into five main divisions: language, mathematics, science, sensory and practical life.

One such preschool that can provide such an environment is Chiltern House Preschool Singapore. Check their website out here.

Areas covered by Preschool

Exercises of Practical Life

The Practical Life section lays the building blocks for all the work to be achieved in the class. Activities are daily activities that a child must learn to master self-care and the environment. These activities include pouring, cleaning, and tidying as well as grace and courtesy. These materials give a solid foundation for life.


The goal of a good preschool is to educate the child’s senses. This area contains specific curriculum materials for the day care that help the child improve their experience of sight, hearing, touch, tastes, and smell. The materials in this section are modelled on scientifically based concepts, such as the size of the metric system or algebraic formulas. These materials also include manipulations that deal in size, colour, shape, sound, texture, shape, and size. In addition to helping children classify concepts, sensory materials provide the basis for the introduction of other skills such as mathematics, music, and language.


The language materials include sandpaper letters that teach the sound of each letter, wireless alphabet for the composition of simple words and phrases, many types of language exercises and metal inserts that develop control of pencils necessary for writing. Often our children can be seen playing simple words and creating their first stories. The child develops reading skills using coding and decoding methods. Children learn to apply laws such as Schwa rules and phonograms. The grammar will be presented to the children. Understanding and composition will be learned according to the child’s readiness.


The mathematical materials emphasize the concepts of number recognition, quantity, linear count, decimal system, and the initial lessons simple fractions in the four operations. The ideas are presented in a very concrete way so that children 3-6 years old can count and work with numbers up to 1000. Children are also able to work together counting chains, dividend values and creating large numbers with the “golden chain.” These concrete materials show the child the beginning of what will later become abstract concepts. A solid foundation will also be established, subtraction, multiplication, and division operations.


Science is an integral aspect of the Montessori curriculum. And a lot more, it represents a way of life: a clear-thinking approach to acquiring information and solving problems. The scope of the Montessori science curriculum incorporates a solid introduction to botany, zoology, chemistry, physics, geology, and astronomy. The Montessori approach to science cultivates the child’s fascination with the universe and helps them develop a vital interest in observing nature and finding out more about the world in which they live. Simple scientific experiments will be conducted in class.


The theme of Culture Studies integrates and emphasizes geography, history, music, art, region or population. Children study different areas of the world and experience language specific examples of literature, clothing, food, art work and music, both past and present. This increasingly important area introduces the child to the wide variety of people on our planet.

Art and Craft and Music and Movement

Music and movement education are also essential elements of the curriculum and the arts. They offer children ways of expressing themselves, their feelings, their experiences and their ideas. These activities will help children develop control of their fine and coarse movement.

In addition to the Montessori curriculum, Brainy Child Montessori also offers a variety of enrichment courses as we believe that children should be exposed widely to different fields and disciplines.

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